High Fructose Foods (40+ Fructose Rich Foods to Avoid)

Right now, my number one health goal is to learn to better manage my fructose malabsoprtion. So lately I’ve been writing a lot about the fructose content of different foods. I’ve covered fruits and vegetables, but there are plenty of other fructose rich foods to avoid.

In this post, I’ve pulled together the best data I can find on various fructose containing foods. In addition to fruit and fruit juices, those following a low fructose diet need to watch out for certain sweeteners and sweetened beverages. Each of those gets a fairly lengthy discussion here.

I’ve also included less recognized sources of fructose, like baby food and yogurt. We think of these as being healthy, but both can be high fructose.

I admit, this is a data heavy post. I’ve put a lot of the information in tables to make it easier to skim. I’ve also included links to related posts, in case you want a deeper dive on some of the foods listed here. But let’s start by looking at the different meanings of “high fructose.”

Note: all links in this post open in a new tab, unless otherwise stated. To learn more about how research for this site is conducted, please visit the data and methods page.

What Does High Fructose Mean?

The meaning of “high fructose” varies. Some sources use the excess fructose rule, while others use a different measure. This section summarizes the three most common ways to describe the fructose content in foods.

Total Fructose Rule

The total fructose, or fructose per serving, rule looks only at the overall fructose content in a food. Generally, a food with more than 3 grams of fructose per serving is considered high fructose.1

Percent Fructose Rule

The percent fructose rule compares the amount of fructose in a food to the total amount of sugar in the food. If fructose makes up 50% or more of the total sugar content, then the food is considered high fructose.2

Whole, unpeeled bananas on dishcloth.
Some foods, like bananas, can be high fructose but low FODMAP.

Excess Fructose Rule

The excess fructose rule is used in low FODMAP research. This rule compares the amount of fructose in a food to the amount of glucose.

Foods that have more glucose than fructose are said to have no excess fructose. Those that have more fructose than glucose are said to have excess fructose. Foods that have more than .40 grams of excess fructose per serving are considered high FODMAP and high fructose.3

However, that’s only if fructose is the only FODMAP present in a food. If a second FODMAP, like sorbitol, is also present, then the acceptable excess fructose limit drops to .15 grams.3

The excess fructose rule isn’t really used outside of the low FODMAP community. But I’ve included all three measures in the tables in this post because it’s useful to see how they differ.

Fructose Content Rules Summary Table

Excess fructoseless than .15 or .40 grams
Percent fructoseless than 50%
Total fructoseless than 3 grams

Okay, let’s dig into the data, starting with the fruits highest in fructose.

High Fructose Fruits

I’ve written an entire post on high fructose fruits, so will just cover the basics here and provide a summary table.

Based on the commonly accepted serving size of half a cup, grapes and pears are the fruits you most want to avoid.

Small bowl of red grapes.
Grapes are among the highest fructose fruits.

Half a cup of grapes has around 9 grams of fructose. And fructose makes up about 53% of the total sugar in grapes. Grapes also far exceed low FODMAP guidelines for excess fructose.

A half cup of sliced pears contains about half the amount of fructose as half a cup of grapes. But, fructose makes up 70% of the total sugar in pears. And half a cup of pears has seven times the amount of excess fructose recommended by low FODMAP researchers.

The table below lists the fructose, percent fructose and excess fructose values for other popular fruits.

Fructose Content of Popular Fruits

FruitServing SizeFructose
Excess Fructose
Apple, Red delicious1/2 cup, slices3.2156.31%1.74
Banana1/2 cup, slices3.6439.78%.09
Blueberries1/2 cup, raw3.6850.05%.07
Grapes, green1/2 cup8.6553.73%1.16
Grapes, red1/2 cup9.1753.00%1.00
Jackfruit1/2 cup, sliced7.6048.25%.20
Mango1/2 cup, pieces3.8634.16%2.20
Oranges, navel5 ounces3.1526.47%.39
Papaya1 small
(about 5 ounces)
Pears, Bartlett1/2 cup, slices4.7369.56%2.98
Prunes3 prunes3.5432.33%N/A
Raisins1/2 ounce4.8653.23%.59
Source: USDA Food Data Central

As shown, these fruits are all high fructose by one or more of the measures, but whether you can eat them really depends on your tolerance.

If you’re interested in which fruits might suit your diet, you can check out my post on lower fructose fruits. That post lists the total fructose content of different fruits, breaking them up into low and moderate categories.

High Fructose Sweeteners

We tend to assume that if a food is sweet, it must have a lot of fructose. But most sweeteners are actually not high fructose. For example, white sugar is low in fructose, as is maple syrup.

There are three natural sweeteners that are high fructose, though: honey, agave syrup and medjool dates. Yes, dates are a fruit, but I’ve included them here because many sweet foods marketed as “all natural” or “naturally sweetened” contain medjool dates.

Fructose Content of Honey

Excess Fructose
Honey, 1 tbsp8.5949.94%1.07
Source: USDA Food Data Central

Honey is both a high fructose and a high FODMAP sweetener. One tablespoon contains nearly 9 grams of fructose and has more than 1 gram of excess fructose, well beyond the .40 gram low FODMAP guideline.

Fructose makes up about 50% of the total sugar in honey, too. The remaining sugar is mostly glucose, with small amounts of sucrose, maltose, and galactose.

Fructose Content of Agave Syrup

Excess Fructose
Agave syrup, 1 tbsp11.5281.88%8.95
Source: USDA Food Data Central

Agave is a type of flowering plant with sweet sap that is harvested, processed and sold as agave syrup or agave nectar.4 As shown in the table above, agave syrup is mostly (82%) fructose, with glucose accounting for the rest of the sugar content.

Agave syrup also far exceeds excess fructose guidelines. In addition to an abundance of excess fructose, agave syrup also contains very high levels of fructans,5 making this an especially unsuitable sweetener for those following a low FODMAP eating plan.

Fructose Content of Medjool Dates

Excess Fructose
Medjool dates, 3 dates23.0448.00%N/A
Source: USDA Food Data Central

Medjool dates, and the syrup derived from them, are often used as natural sweeteners, especially in vegetarian and vegan products. And, as shown in the above table, medjool dates are a good example of a food that is high fructose but low FODMAP at the same time.

Three medjool dates have 23 grams of fructose. But, fructose makes up only 48% of the sugar in these dates, with the rest coming primarily from glucose. Since there’s more glucose than fructose, medjool dates have no excess fructose and are classified low FODMAP (at least as far as fructose content goes).

Just be aware of this if you buy products sweetened with medjool dates. They’re a natural sweetener, but they’re loaded with fructose.

Small bowl containing medjool dates.
Medjool dates are a high fructose, low FODMAP sweetener.

Fructose in Other Sweeteners

Fructose in Molasses

Molasses (known as treacle in the UK) is a byproduct of sugar production. Juice is extracted from sugarcane and sugar beets during the refining process. This juice is then boiled down into a syrup to make molasses. Though less popular today than in the past, molasses is still used in many well-known recipes, like baked beans and gingerbread.6

The syrup used to create molasses is often boiled several times. Each boiling changes the color of the syrup. Light molasses results from the first boiling, while medium molasses results from the second. Blackstrap molasses is the darkest type and is the product of a third boiling.7

Blackstrap molasses dripping from spoon into bowl.
Blackstrap molasses may or may not be low FODMAP (sources disagree).

Sucrose, not glucose or fructose, makes up the majority of sugar in molasses. The amount of sugar varies by type of molasses. Light and medium molasses have the same sugar content, while blackstrap molasses is lower in total sugar.

The numbers in the table below reveal that both types of molasses are low fructose at a standard serving of one tablespoon. Each contains less than 3 grams of fructose and fructose makes up less than 50% of total sugar in both types.

Sugar Content of Molasses

Light, Medium2.652.516.19
Values for one tablespoon molasses. Source: CSID Cares Food Composition Database.

The numbers here also suggest that both types of molasses are low FODMAP. A tablespoon of light or medium molasses contains .14 grams of excess fructose, while a tablespoon of blackstrap molasses contains .10 grams of excess fructose. Both of these are well below published low FODMAP guidelines. However, there’s disagreement here, as some sources report that blackstrap molasses is high FODMAP at a one tablespoon serving size.8

Fructose in Sugar

White, granulated sugar (also known as cane sugar or table sugar) contains no fructose. Instead, it is 100% sucrose. Brown sugar is also mostly sucrose, containing only trace amounts of fructose and glucose.

So, if you’re sensitive to fructose and need a sweetener, table sugar may be an option. But, remember that it’s still sugar, so don’t go wild with it.

Also, you should know that some people are sensitive to sucrose, just as some are to fructose.9 If eating sugary foods, particularly those sweetened with cane sugar, aggravates your digestive problems, you may have sucrose malabsorption.

Fructose in Maple Syrup

Like brown sugar, maple syrup is almost all sucrose. A tablespoon of maple syrup contains 11.7 grams of sucrose, .32 grams of fructose and .104 grams of fructose.10

Just be aware that these numbers refer to natural maple syrup, not maple-flavored “pancake syrup,” which is often sweetened with high fructose corn syrup.

Maple syrup being collected in bucket from a tapped tree.
True maple syrup, not maple-flavored syrup, is low fructose.

Fructose in Corn Syrup

It’s logical to assume that corn syrup contains a lot fructose, given all the media coverage of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). However, corn syrup is naturally low fructose. Instead, the sugar in come mostly from glucose, though lower grades can also contain the sugar maltose.11 You may be wondering, then, why some corn syrup is high fructose.

High fructose corn syrup is a heavily processed form of corn syrup. During the HFCS production process, enzymes are added to regular corn syrup. These enzymes convert some of the glucose in corn syrup to fructose. As a result, HFCS is 55% fructose and 45% glucose.12 It’s this form of highly-processed, extra sweet corn syrup that is used to sweeten soda and other drinks. Let’s turn our attention to those now.

High Fructose Drinks

A major source of high fructose corn syrup, and thus of fructose, in Americans’ diet is soda and other sweetened drinks. Though food manufacturers have been reducing their use of HFCS over the last two decades, this generally isn’t the case for soda.13 Most popular brands of soda are still sweetened with HFCS.

Another common source of fructose is fruit juice. Even juices without added sugar often exceed low fructose guidelines.

We’ll start this section with a look at the fructose content of popular sodas, then turn to fruit juices. Then we’ll move on to other fructose-laden beverages.

Soda being poured from bottle into glass.
Soda is one of the few beverages still made with high fructose corn syrup.

Fructose Content of Soda

The following table lists the fructose content, percent fructose and excess fructose for some popular soda flavors. These figures are for the non-diet versions; diet versions usually contain artificial sweeteners, so are fructose-free.

You’ll notice two entries for root beer here. Most root beer is naturally caffeine free, but one brand, Barq’s, does contain caffeine.14 It also contains significantly more fructose than non-caffeinated brands of root beer. Just something to note.

Fructose in Popular Soda Flavors

Excess Fructose
ColaCoke, Pepsi16.2149.05%1.47
Cola, caffeine freeCoke, Pepsi
(caffeine free)
Cream sodaDad’s, A&W, I.B.C., Mug13.1657.16%N/A
Ginger aleCanada Dry, Schweppe’s13.5442.24%2.20
Lemon-limeSprite, 7-Up19.1857.79%7.61
OrangeSunkist, Fanta, Crush21.7056.55%5.73
Root beerBarq’s16.2649.04%1.48
Root beer,
caffeine free
A&W, Mug, Dad’s10.4226.60%N/A
Values for 12 ounces of soda. Sources: USDA Food Data Central and CSID Cares Food Composition Database.

If you’re watching your fructose intake, regular soda is probably off the menu. Some popular brands, like Pepsi, do make a version that is sweetened with cane sugar rather than HFCS. There are also brands that are totally HFCS-free, like Hansen’s.

Sodas sweetened with sugar instead of HFCS may be a good option for some, but as noted earlier, people may be sensitive to sucrose. In that case, a brand like Zevia, which is sweetened with stevia, may be a better option.

Fructose Content of Juices

Fruit juice generally contains much more fructose than the raw fruit from which it’s made. For example, as I discuss in this post on the fructose content of oranges, a 5 ounce navel orange has about 3 grams of fructose, while an 8 ounce glass of orange juice has nearly double that amount.

Three small glasses of apple juice.
Apple juice is one of the highest fructose juices.

The table below lists the fructose content, percent fructose and excess fructose values for popular juices. The amounts shown are for an 8 ounce glass. As shown, the numbers are all over the place here.

Some juices, like grapefruit, that are high in total fructose are low in percent fructose and excess fructose. So, this is one case where the measure of fructose you use really matters. If you monitor total fructose, then most juices won’t qualify as low fructose. However, if you monitor percent fructose or excess fructose instead, you’ll have many more choices.

Remember, the table below only lists fructose content. Many fruit juices contain other FODMAPs. If you want to learn more about overall FODMAPs in juice, you can peruse my post on low and high FODMAP juices.

Fructose in Popular Juice Flavors

Excess Fructose
Values for 8 ounces of juice. Sources: USDA Food Data Central and CSID Cares Food Composition Database.

Fructose in Energy Drinks

It probably comes as no surprise that energy drinks like Gatorade and PowerAde are loaded with sugar. These drinks can contain as much sugar as soda on an ounce-per-ounce basis.

Most energy drinks also have a high fructose content, though fructose doesn’t make up the majority of sugar in many of these drinks. Instead, the majority of sugar comes from glucose and sucrose. As exception here is PowerAde, which is made with high fructose corn syrup.15

Group of people running a marathon.
Post-workout energy drinks can have as much sugar as soda, but are lower in fructose.

The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) doesn’t test energy drinks often, so some of the information in the following table is a bit dated. I’ve included the year each product was tested for reference. Manufacturing processes can change, so just be aware that these numbers may not be accurate as of the date of this publication. You can find more recent information on ingredients, though not an exact breakdown, for each product in the USDA’s branded foods database.

Fructose in Popular Energy Drinks

Excess Fructose
Gatorade G2, 8 oz20054.4434.69%N/A
Powerade, 8 oz20057.8652.75%2.49
Monster Energy, 8.5 oz20155.7421.91%N/A
Red Bull, 8 oz20154.0115.98%N/A
ROCKSTAR Energy, 8 oz20118.6229.22%N/A
For ready-to-drink beverages, not reconstituted powders. Source: USDA Food Data Central

Other High Fructose Drinks

As someone very sensitive to fructose, I generally avoid fruit juice completely and only rarely drink small amounts of soda. But fructose can be sneaky. Here are a few other beverages where you may find fructose.


Wine is generally low in fructose because the sugar in grapes is broken down into alcohol and carbon dioxide during fermentation process.16 An exception is sweet wine, also called dessert wine, which has a higher sugar content.

According to USDA’s Food Data Central Database, 3.5oz of dessert wine has 5.3g fructose, which represents 66.17% of total sugar content. However, there is no excess fructose in dessert wine, as the glucose content exceeds the fructose content.

Sweetened tea

Most sweet, unflavored, ready-to-drink teas that are sold in single serve bottles or liter/gallon size cartons, are sweetened with cane sugar. For example, Milo’s, Red Diamond, Pure Leaf, Arizona and Lipton all report to the USDA that their sweet teas are sweetened with cane sugar.17 This is a boon to people who can’t have HFCS.

Glass of iced tea with lemon.
Many commercially sold teas are low fructose, but you’ll need to read labels carefully.

But you do have to read labels. While many ready-to-drink sweet teas don’t contain HFCS, some do, especially flavored teas. For instance, Arizona brand reports that its raspberry18, pomegranate19 and mango20 flavored teas all contain HFCS.

When it comes ready-to-drink teas, unsweetened, unflavored teas are your best bet. But you may still be able to drink teas that are sweetened only with sugar.


The majority of lemonade you buy in the grocery store is sweetened with cane sugar. So, while these lemonades may be high in sugar overall, most are low in fructose. This is true whether you buy ready-do-drink lemonade, a lemonade powder or frozen lemonade mix.

But, as with sweetened teas, here’s another case in which you’ll have to carefully read labels. Popular brands like Florida’s Natural21 and Tropicana22 report that their lemonade is sweetened only with cane sugar. But Great Value reports that its frozen lemonade contains both sugar and high fructose corn syrup.23 Just something to keep in mind if you’re trying to completely avoid HFCS.

Coconut water

Coconut water has become a popular beverage in the last few years. Liquid extracted from immature coconuts, coconut water is high in potassium. Because of this, it’s often used by athletes to hydrate after a workout. This is one of several seemingly beneficial uses for coconut water.24

Glass of clear coconut water next to a peeled coconut.
Nearly clear liquid extracted from immature fruit, coconut water is actually a type of juice.

Unfortunately, coconut water is naturally high in sugar, and especially in fructose. An 8 ounce serving of unsweetened coconut water has 9.6 grams of sugar. More than half of this (5.24 grams) is fructose. The remaining sugar content is fairly evenly split between sucrose and glucose.25

Most brands of coconut water don’t contain added sugar, but some do. For example, Coco King adds sugar to its coconut water.26 The addition of sugar or other sweeteners to coconut water alters the ratio of fructose to other sugars. So, some sweetened coconut waters may contain less than 50% fructose. But, these will still be very high in sugar. For instance, a can of Coco King coconut water has 36 grams of sugar.26

Other High Fructose Foods

The major sources of fructose in the standard American diet are fruit, beverages and sweeteners. But because so many processed foods have added sweeteners, even foods we think of as healthy can contain high amounts of sugar and fructose. Here some foods you may not think are high in fructose, but often are.

Fruit-Based Baby Foods

Though the research is far from conclusive, there’s evidence that fructose can cause digestive issues for many babies and young children, even those without hereditary fructose intolerance. In one study of 760 children, nearly 90% of babies and 66% of children aged 1-5 years exhibited fructose malabsorption.27 Signs of fructose malabsorption in babies and children are similar to those of adults: abdominal pain, gas, and constipation or diarrhea.28

A common source of dietary fructose for babies and toddlers is baby food. Baby food manufacturers don’t usually add sweeteners to their products, so the high fructose content in some baby foods isn’t due to HFCS.

Baby holding spoon full of baby food, smiling at camera.
Fructose in fruit-based baby foods can cause problems for little tummies.

Instead, the culprit here is the fruit itself. For example, the USDA reports that a small, 3 ounce jar of apples and apricots baby food has 4.44 grams of fructose. That’s well over the low fructose recommendation of 3 grams of fructose per serving, which is intended for adults.

The table below contains data on the fructose content of popular baby food flavors. The data is for a three ounce serving. For reference, small jars of baby food are usually 2 ounces, medium sized jars (like Gerber’s Second Foods line) are 4 ounces and large jars are 6 ounces.

Fructose in Popular Baby Food Flavors

Apple & Apricot4.4459.92%2.05
Apple & Blueberry4.1154.80%1.55
Apple, Carrot & Squash4.5758.66%2.10
Apple & Chicken3.3364.53%2.11
Apple & Sweet Potato5.9860.90%3.37
Beef & Vegetables.4924.74%N/A
Chicken Noodle.3716.11%N/A
Chicken & Vegetables.2317.18%N/A
Green Beans.7647.28%.15
Pear & Pineapple3.6357.89%1.95
Spaghetti with Tomato-Meat Sauce.4619.84%.03
Turkey & Vegetables.1914.19%N/A
Per 3 ounces. Source: USDA Food Data Central Database.

Many popular baby foods contain higher fructose fruits, like apples and pears. If you’re looking for lower fructose options, your best bet are those made with meat, vegetables or a combination of the two.

Sweetened Yogurt

Plain, unsweetened yogurt doesn’t contain fructose. But, once manufacturers start adding flavoring, the fructose content of yogurt can quickly exceed low fructose and low FODMAP recommendations. For example, 4 ounces of low-fat, strawberry-flavored Greek yogurt contains 3.8 grams of fructose.29

Cups of plain Greek yogurt topped with blueberries.
Plain yogurt is fructose-free, but adding fruit or fruit flavoring can make this a high fructose food.

Most yogurts don’t list fructose as an ingredient, so you’ll have to read labels. Words to watch out for include: fruit, fruit blend, fruit puree, fruit sugar and fruit juice.

You can find lots more information on fructose (and lactose) in yogurt in this post I wrote about the FODMAP content in Greek yogurt. While that post is specifically about Greek yogurt, the same principle is true for regular yogurt: fruit flavoring drastically ups the fructose content.

Canned Tomato Products

We learned earlier that, at a normal 8 ounce serving size, tomato juice exceeds recommendations for total fructose and percent fructose. This is true for many canned tomato products, too. The table below shows fructose values for some common tomato products.

Fructose Content in Canned Tomato Products

Crushed tomatoes1/2 cup2.8353.19%.37
Diced tomatoes1/2 cup1.8249.66%N/A
Stewed tomatoes1/2 cup2.3953.23%.31
Tomato paste1/4 cup3.8647.95%.06
Tomato sauce1/2 cup2.0446.90%N/A
Tomato soup, condensed1/2 cup5.7956.76%1.39
Marinara sauce1/2 cup2.9845.99%.04
Salsa1/4 cup1.3852.97%.31
Red enchilada sauce1/4 cup.4544.51%.12
Canned ravioli1 cup2.5449.22%N/A
Canned spaghetti and meatballs1 cup3.2545.39%.17
Canned pasta in tomato sauce,
no meat (e.g. Spaghetti-Os)
1 cup4.8150.52%.10
Source: USDA Food Data Central Database.

As with fruit juices, values for tomato products are all over the place. For example, many canned tomato products contain less than 3 grams of fructose at the typical serving sizes listed above. Yet some still exceed the 50% fructose guideline. Tomato products can be tricky, so you’ll need to read labels and watch portions here.

Is Candy High Fructose?

You may be surprised that candy doesn’t appear on this list of high fructose foods. Despite being loaded with sugar, the truth is that most candy has very little fructose. That’s because many candies are now sweetened with sugar or corn syrup, rather than high fructose corn syrup. And, as we learned earlier, regular corn syrup is mostly sucrose.

Let’s take Skittles, for example. Several online sources erroneously report that Skittles are sweetened with high fructose corn syrup. According to data reported by the manufacturer to the US Department of Agriculture, Skittles contain sugar and corn syrup, but not high fructose corn syrup.30

Don’t get me wrong here: Skittles have lots of sugar. A serving of 28 Skittles has nearly 24 grams of sugar. But this sugar is nearly all in the form of sucrose, not fructose. 28 Skittles have 21.5 grams of sucrose and only .12 grams of fructose.31

Pile of multi-colored jelly beans.
Many candies, including jelly beans, are sweetened with sucrose, so are low fructose foods.

Other candies that are high in sugar but low in fructose include gummy bears, Jolly Ranchers, Laffy Taffy and Starburst. Like Skittles, these are all sweetened with sugar and corn syrup.

Nerds are also low fructose, but in this case, the candy is sweetened with sugar and dextrose, which is chemically identical to glucose.32 Nerds may actually take the prize for highest sugar content. A small, 1.65-ounce box of Nerds contains a whopping 44 grams of sugar, split nearly evenly between glucose and sucrose.31

Being low in fructose doesn’t mean that candy is healthy, of course (sorry, kids). But if your child has fructose malabsorption, maybe you can worry a little bit less next Halloween. Most of the treats in their bag are probably low fructose.

High Fructose Foods Summary

Let’s wrap up this extremely long post. The bottom line, after all the text and tables, is that the major sources of fructose for most people are fruit and fruit juices, sweeteners and sweetened beverages. By avoiding high fructose fruits, fruit juices and sweetened drinks (especially those containing high fructose corn syrup), you can avoid most high fructose foods.

Fructose can be found in other products, of course. Many processed foods contain fructose, either because they contain fruit or because they’ve been enhanced with fructose-rich sweeteners. If you limit your intake of fructose, you’ll need to read labels. What out for words like “naturally sweetened” and variations of fruit, like “fruit blend” and “fruit puree.”

Also, remember that your tolerance for fructose may vary. For some foods, you may need to watch total fructose content, but for others you may do just fine following low FODMAP guidelines. Hopefully you find the tables here, which contain values for all three measures of fructose, helpful.


Posts Related to “High Fructose Foods”

This is a pretty comprehensive post, but I have a few others that take a deeper dive into the fructose content of certain types of food.

The first is about high fructose fruits. Fruits (and fruit juices) are a significant source of fructose in many peoples’ diets, so if you struggle with fructose malabsorption, that post is worth reading.

The second is about low fructose fruits. It’s a companion post the the first one and gives suggestions for more fructose-friendly fruits.

Finally, I wrote a post about the fructose content in vegetables. Fortunately, most vegetables are naturally low in fructose, though you do need to watch portion size with some veggies.


About the Author

Amanda Coleman, PhD, studies food culture and teaches a popular Food and Society course. Years of digestive problems led her to live low FODMAP. Now she uses her research and analysis skills to help others understand FODMAP essentials, so they can lead better, healthier lives.

Disclaimer: the author is not a certified medical professional. Opinions expressed and content contained on this website are for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as medical advice. Exercise caution and due diligence when using this site and the information contained herein and understand your experiences may vary.

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